Practice Areas > Birth Injury > Cerebral Palsy > Spastic Quadriplegia 
       

Spastic quadriplegia

Spastic quadriplegia is the most severe form of Cerebral Palsy because of marked motor impairment of all four limbs and the high association with mental retardation and seizures. There is dysfunction of the muscles of the mouth and tongue.

Swallowing difficulties are common and may lead to aspiration pneumonia.

Neurologic examination shows increased tone (hypertonus or hypertonicity) and spasticity in all extremities, decreased spontaneous movements, brisk reflexes, and plantar extensor responses. Flexion contractures of the knees and elbows are often present by late childhood. Associated developmental disabilities, including speech and visual abnormalities, are particularly common in children with spastic quadriplegia.

The most common lesions seen on pathologic examination or on MRI scanning are periventricular leukomalacia and multicystic cortical encephalomalacia. Neurologic examination shows increased tone (hypertonus or hypertonicity) and spasticity in all extremities, decreased spontaneous movements, brisk reflexes, and plantar extensor responses. Flexion contractures of the knees and elbows are often present by late childhood. Associated developmental disabilities, including speech and visual abnormalities, are particularly common in children with spastic quadriplegia.



When a child has suffered an injury related to prenatal care, labor or delivery, it is understandable for the parents to have questions about the injury, their legal rights and the legal rights of the child.  We welcome the opportunity to talk with you about what has happened to your child and about your legal rights.  Consultations are free – there is no obligation to call and talk with one of our attorneys.  Contact Us if we can help you.





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Williams & Brown L.L.P.

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